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For what vehicles?

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Zero emissions transport relates to various segments of the market. Their varying characteristics (fleets or otherwise, required power, average distance covered, 24/7 use, etc.) and, particularly, their capacity to tackle the issue of air quality in urban areas nevertheless, explain why they are not all accorded the same level of priority, whether in France or elsewhere in the world.

Priority is thus given to


Hybrid battery/hydrogen
utility vehicles
(up to 3.5T)
and hydrogen
professional vehicles
such as taxis

Comprise the most promising sector on a short-term basis due to the way in which they are used (the need for greater autonomy than that provided by battery only vehicles, the need for recharge times which don’t exceed more than a few minutes, etc.) and significant restrictions (an increasing number of high restriction driving areas in towns and cities). There are more than 200 of these currently in France – there should be one thousand of them by 2020.

Waste skip
type vehicles

Can be electrified easily and provide economic benefits for incinerator electricity production.

Hydrogen buses

Allow users to retain the same operational flexibility and the same operating methods as with combustion engine buses, with one single charge required per day at the depot, and no need to connect it to an online recharge infrastructure. The overall cost of installations, vehicles and stations is favourable to hydrogen with regard to electrical solutions.

Heavy-goods

Delivery vehicles for use in town centres are currently being developed
(a dozen or so projects worldwide). This should be completed by 2020, in the knowledge that the battery option
is not a viable solution for this particular segment.

Trains,
in particular TER

TER (Express Regional Transport) will involve replacing diesel models across a number of lines which have not yet been electrified and for which the cost of electrification is prohibitive.

green maritime
and river goods transport

Given the requirements in terms of power, energy and versatility, the battery only option is not suitable for green maritime and river goods transport. Furthermore, ports and airports can be considered as hydrogen ecosystems based on renewable energy.

Non-professional
vehicles

Required to ensure volumes are met, will only arrive after major deployment of the recharge infrastructure, in 2025.